Wardwise Population and Households
As per 2011 population census, Sonma Rural Municipality had total 38,747 population with 19,637 males and 19,110 females. Out of total wards, ward number 3 had the largest population 6,307, while ward number 8 had least number of population with 6,307.
With respect to number of households, Sonma Rural Municipality had total 6,341 households. The ward number 3 had most households with total 1,013, while ward number 8 had least number of households with total 602 number of households.
As illustrated in the chart, the ratio of male to female population was 1.03, which indicates that Sonma Rural Municipality had -3 percent lower males as compared to the females. Same as, the population to household ratio was 6.11, which means that in average 6.11 family members lived in each household.
As illustrated in the charts, the ratio of absentee population was 32.90, while male to female absentee population ratio was 141.88. Same as, the household ratio of present vs. absent population was 5.52.
Population by Age Group
Gender wise, top 5 most age groups male population were between 5 and 9 (3,019), between 10 and 14 (2,712), below 4 (2,489), between 15 and 19 (1,831), and between 20 and 24 (1,356), with total population of 11,407. In contrast, bottom 5 least age group male population were above 75 (248), between 70 and 74 (286), between 65 and 69 (478),between 60 and 64 (551), and between 55 and 59 (661), with total population of 2,224. With regards to female population, top 5 age groups females were between 5 and 9 (2,963), between 10 and 14 (2,546), below 4 (2,447), between 25 and 29 (1,534), and between 20 and 24 (1,456), with total population of 10,946. In contrast, bottom 5 least age group male population were above 75 (234), between 70 and 74 (267), between 65 and 69 (439),between 60 and 64 (540), and between 55 and 59 (591), with total population of 2,071.
The population with age-group 15 to 19 had male to female ratio of 1.34, which states that this age group had maximum males as compared to females. Similarly, age-group 25 to 29 had most female population as compared to male population with male to female ratio of 0.88. The age-groups 15 to 19, 55 to 59, 65 to 69, 10 to 14, 50 to 54, 70 to 74, above 75, below 4, 5 to 9, 35 to 39, 60 to 64 had majority of male population while age-groups 40 to 44, 20 to 24, 30 to 34, 25 to 29 had majority of female population as per male-female ratios. Moreover, age-groups 45 to 49 had eqivalent or almost equal numbers of male and female population with male-female ratios of 1.
The population pyramid for Sonma Rural Municipality visually illustrates the male vs. female population based on different age groups. The population data and ratio tables are also available in this link.
There were 53.21 % (20,619 ) of independent population, the working age people between ages of 15 and 64 years. The dependent children, ages below 15 years, were 41.75 % with total number of 16,176. The dependent elderly population, aged 65 and above were 5.04 % with total number of 1,952. As such, total dependent population including children and elderly people were 46.79 with total number of 18,128
There were 8,401 women of child-bearing age-group of 15 to 49 years. Same as, the todlers or children of 4 years or below were 4,936. The ratio of woman of child-bearing age and the number of todlers state that, approximately 588 children were born per 1,000 women. This number is also roughly used as fertility levels when direct measures of births are not available.
Literacy, Education Levels & Schooling
Grade 1-12 Students & Schools
The pie-chart and graphs above further illustrates the students and schools.
Population by Language Spoken
Mostly spoken language in Sonma is Maithili, which is spoken by 36,941 people. The Sonma has people who speak other languages, such as Magahi, Urdu, Nepali, Tamang, Sunuwar, Hindi, Bhojpuri, etc.
Population by Castes
According to 2011 census conducted by Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Sonma Rural Municipality was inhabitted by mostly the people of Yadav caste with total population of 16,781. There were as little as Damai/Dholi caste with population of as little as 11 in total. People of several other castes who live in Sonma are Muslim, Teli, Chamar/Harijan/Ram, Nuniya, Koiri/Kushwaha, Mallaha, Lohar, Sudhi, Dhanuk, Kurmi, Hajam/Thakur, Kanu, Dusadh/Pasawan/Pasi, Musahar, Dhobi, Dhunia, Sonar, Khatwe, Baraee, Brahmin - Tarai, Haluwai, Brahmin - Hill, Kumhar, Gaderi/Bhedhar, Tharu, Tatma/Tatwa, Mali, Bin, Kathbaniyan, Kayastha, Chhetri, Dom, Kalwar, Tamang, Sanyasi/Dashnami, Natuwa, Sunuwar, Terai Others, Damai/Dholi, etc. Only the population of castes with above 1,000 population are illustrated in the table.
Population by Disability
Similarly, there were 355 people who were blind and 119 people were deaf, while 15 people were both blind and deaf. Moreover, 83 persons had reported of having speech problems. Total 73 people had multiple disabilities.
The pie-chart above illustrate the better picture of disabled population along with genderwise ratios.
With respect to wall of the houses, 105 houses were mud bonded, 1,128 houses were cement bonded, 185 houses were wood planks bonded, 4,847 houses were bamboo bonded and 5 houses had unbaked bricks on their outer walls.Rest of the houses were reported of having other types of outer wall, while some of them reported nothing of having the outer wall bonding.
There were several types of house roofs reported. Total 818 houses were reported of having thatch roofs while 89 houses had galvanized roofs. Similarly, 4,902 houses had roof of tile, 432 houses had RCC roofs, 19 houses had roof of woods while 0 houses were reported having roof of mud. As per 2011 CBS census, some of the houses had other types of roofs while some didn't report about the roof structure.
With respect to the toilets, 5,597 out of 6,341 houses didn't report of having a private toilet for their households. Nevertheless, 539 houses were reported of having flush toilet while 143 houses reported having ordinary toilets.
With reference to source of fuel, 3,757 households reported their source of fuel as firewood while 57 households had kerosene as their fuel source. The LP gas was used by 17 households as a source of fuel. Moreover, other sources of fuel were cow dung (2,327), bio-gas (2), fuel electricity (0), etc.
Same as, total 3,297 households had reported of having electricity as the source of their household's lighting. The households still using kerosene as source of light were 2,935, while 36 households used solar energy as source of lights. Total 0 households also reported of using bio-gas as a source of light. The ratio of use of electricity as compared to other source of light was 0.52.
(Desclaimer: The statistical data published about Sonma Rural Municipality profile in this page are exclusively obtained from Nepal Government's Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) as well as other verifiable Nepal Government sources. The profile of Sonma Rural Municipality has been published for information and research only, which can be relied based on its primary source. Nevertheless, NepalArchives.Com does not provide any guaranty of the validity of the stastical information in this page. Any question about the statistical validity of information should be directed to Nepal Government Agency. However, if you found any error or inconsistency of information in this page, please kindly let us know so that we will improve this page. Thank you.)