Wardwise Population and Households
As per 2011 population census, Surunga Municipality had total 44,222 population with 20,787 males and 23,435 females. Out of total wards, ward number 7 had the largest population 5,406, while ward number 10 had least number of population with 5,406.
With respect to number of households, Surunga Municipality had total 8,650 households. The ward number 2 had most households with total 1,139, while ward number 6 had least number of households with total 494 number of households.
As illustrated in the chart, the ratio of male to female population was 0.89, which indicates that Surunga Municipality had 11 percent lower males as compared to the females. Same as, the population to household ratio was 5.11, which means that in average 5.11 family members lived in each household.
As illustrated in the charts, the ratio of absentee population was 17.31, while male to female absentee population ratio was 28.45. Same as, the household ratio of present vs. absent population was 3.25.
Population by Age Group
Gender wise, top 5 most age groups male population were between 10 and 14 (2,867), between 5 and 9 (2,850), between 15 and 19 (2,127), below 4 (1,997), and between 20 and 24 (1,432), with total population of 11,273. In contrast, bottom 5 least age group male population were above 75 (236), between 70 and 74 (322), between 65 and 69 (544),between 60 and 64 (731), and between 55 and 59 (836), with total population of 2,669. With regards to female population, top 5 age groups females were between 10 and 14 (3,089), between 5 and 9 (2,703), between 15 and 19 (2,447), between 20 and 24 (2,035), and below 4 (1,983), with total population of 12,257. In contrast, bottom 5 least age group male population were above 75 (249), between 70 and 74 (327), between 65 and 69 (576),between 60 and 64 (773), and between 55 and 59 (809), with total population of 2,734.
The population with age-group 5 to 9 had male to female ratio of 1.05, which states that this age group had maximum males as compared to females. Similarly, age-group 30 to 34 had most female population as compared to male population with male to female ratio of 0.68. The age-groups 5 to 9, 55 to 59, below 4, 50 to 54 had majority of male population while age-groups 70 to 74, 45 to 49, 60 to 64, above 75, 65 to 69, 10 to 14, 15 to 19, 40 to 44, 35 to 39, 25 to 29, 20 to 24, 30 to 34 had majority of female population as per male-female ratios. Moreover, age-groups had eqivalent or almost equal numbers of male and female population with male-female ratios of 1.
The population pyramid for Surunga Municipality visually illustrates the male vs. female population based on different age groups. The population data and ratio tables are also available in this link.
There were 59.88 % (26,479 ) of independent population, the working age people between ages of 15 and 64 years. The dependent children, ages below 15 years, were 35.03 % with total number of 15,489. The dependent elderly population, aged 65 and above were 5.10 % with total number of 2,254. As such, total dependent population including children and elderly people were 40.12 with total number of 17,743
There were 12,018 women of child-bearing age-group of 15 to 49 years. Same as, the todlers or children of 4 years or below were 3,980. The ratio of woman of child-bearing age and the number of todlers state that, approximately 331 children were born per 1,000 women. This number is also roughly used as fertility levels when direct measures of births are not available.
Literacy, Education Levels & Schooling
Grade 1-12 Students & Schools
The pie-chart and graphs above further illustrates the students and schools.
Population by Language Spoken
Mostly spoken language in Surunga is Maithili, which is spoken by 21,215 people. The Surunga has people who speak other languages, such as Tharu, Nepali, Urdu, Magar, Sunuwar, Bhojpuri, Danuwar, Tamang, Newar, Limbu, Bhujel, Rai, Hindi, etc.
Population by Castes
According to 2011 census conducted by Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Surunga Municipality was inhabitted by mostly the people of Tharu caste with total population of 15,189. There were as little as Kayastha caste with population of as little as 12 in total. People of several other castes who live in Surunga are Yadav, Musahar, Muslim, Chamar/Harijan/Ram, Teli, Dusadh/Pasawan/Pasi, Chhetri, Khatwe, Magar, Kalwar, Sunuwar, Kami, Brahmin - Hill, Hajam/Thakur, Dhanuk, Koiri/Kushwaha, Gaderi/Bhedhar, Haluwai, Danuwar, Tatma/Tatwa, Undefined Others, Kathbaniyan, Bantar/Sardar, Kumhar, Newar, Kewat, Tamang, Gharti/Bhujel, Mallaha, Bangali, Mali, Damai/Dholi, Brahmin - Tarai, Kumal, Baraee, Rai, Sudhi, Dom, Rajput, Majhi, Limbu, Rajbansi, Terai Others, Punjabi/Shikh, Sanyasi/Dashnami, Satar/Santhal, Sonar, Amat, Kayastha, etc. Only the population of castes with above 1,000 population are illustrated in the table.
Population by Disability
Similarly, there were 103 people who were blind and 68 people were deaf, while 20 people were both blind and deaf. Moreover, 83 persons had reported of having speech problems. Total 25 people had multiple disabilities.
The pie-chart above illustrate the better picture of disabled population along with genderwise ratios.
With respect to wall of the houses, 238 houses were mud bonded, 1,121 houses were cement bonded, 180 houses were wood planks bonded, 6,989 houses were bamboo bonded and 10 houses had unbaked bricks on their outer walls.Rest of the houses were reported of having other types of outer wall, while some of them reported nothing of having the outer wall bonding.
There were several types of house roofs reported. Total 3,275 houses were reported of having thatch roofs while 864 houses had galvanized roofs. Similarly, 3,882 houses had roof of tile, 500 houses had RCC roofs, 25 houses had roof of woods while 0 houses were reported having roof of mud. As per 2011 CBS census, some of the houses had other types of roofs while some didn't report about the roof structure.
With respect to the toilets, 7,668 out of 8,650 houses didn't report of having a private toilet for their households. Nevertheless, 559 houses were reported of having flush toilet while 335 houses reported having ordinary toilets.
With reference to source of fuel, 3,541 households reported their source of fuel as firewood while 137 households had kerosene as their fuel source. The LP gas was used by 36 households as a source of fuel. Moreover, other sources of fuel were cow dung (4,824), bio-gas (16), fuel electricity (3), etc.
Same as, total 2,586 households had reported of having electricity as the source of their household's lighting. The households still using kerosene as source of light were 5,654, while 306 households used solar energy as source of lights. Total 0 households also reported of using bio-gas as a source of light. The ratio of use of electricity as compared to other source of light was 0.30.
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