Wardwise Population and Households
As per 2011 population census, Surma Rural Municipality had total 9,022 population with 4,547 males and 4,475 females. Out of total wards, ward number 2 had the largest population 2,553, while ward number 1 had least number of population with 2,553.
With respect to number of households, Surma Rural Municipality had total 1,418 households. The ward number 2 had most households with total 406, while ward number 1 had least number of households with total 171 number of households.
As illustrated in the chart, the ratio of male to female population was 1.02, which indicates that Surma Rural Municipality had -2 percent lower males as compared to the females. Same as, the population to household ratio was 6.36, which means that in average 6.36 family members lived in each household.
As illustrated in the charts, the ratio of absentee population was 49.69, while male to female absentee population ratio was 2.24. Same as, the household ratio of present vs. absent population was 15.88.
Population by Age Group
Gender wise, top 5 most age groups male population were between 5 and 9 (814), below 4 (746), between 10 and 14 (642), between 15 and 19 (400), and between 25 and 29 (331), with total population of 2,933. In contrast, bottom 5 least age group male population were between 70 and 74 (41), above 75 (43), between 65 and 69 (70),between 60 and 64 (88), and between 55 and 59 (91), with total population of 333. With regards to female population, top 5 age groups females were between 5 and 9 (772), below 4 (727), between 10 and 14 (624), between 15 and 19 (390), and between 20 and 24 (368), with total population of 2,881. In contrast, bottom 5 least age group male population were above 75 (28), between 70 and 74 (50), between 65 and 69 (61),between 55 and 59 (65), and between 60 and 64 (100), with total population of 304.
The population with age-group above 75 had male to female ratio of 1.54, which states that this age group had maximum males as compared to females. Similarly, age-group 20 to 24 had most female population as compared to male population with male to female ratio of 0.80. The age-groups above 75, 55 to 59, 50 to 54, 65 to 69, 40 to 44, 30 to 34, 5 to 9, below 4, 10 to 14, 15 to 19 had majority of male population while age-groups 35 to 39, 25 to 29, 60 to 64, 70 to 74, 20 to 24 had majority of female population as per male-female ratios. Moreover, age-groups 45 to 49 had eqivalent or almost equal numbers of male and female population with male-female ratios of 1.
The population pyramid for Surma Rural Municipality visually illustrates the male vs. female population based on different age groups. The population data and ratio tables are also available in this link.
There were 48.81 % (4,404 ) of independent population, the working age people between ages of 15 and 64 years. The dependent children, ages below 15 years, were 47.94 % with total number of 4,325. The dependent elderly population, aged 65 and above were 3.25 % with total number of 293. As such, total dependent population including children and elderly people were 51.19 with total number of 4,618
There were 1,945 women of child-bearing age-group of 15 to 49 years. Same as, the todlers or children of 4 years or below were 1,473. The ratio of woman of child-bearing age and the number of todlers state that, approximately 757 children were born per 1,000 women. This number is also roughly used as fertility levels when direct measures of births are not available.
Literacy, Education Levels & Schooling
Grade 1-12 Students & Schools
The pie-chart and graphs above further illustrates the students and schools.
Population by Language Spoken
Mostly spoken language in Surma is Nepali, which is spoken by 5,230 people. The Surma has people who speak other languages, such as Bajhangi, etc.
Population by Castes
According to 2011 census conducted by Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Surma Rural Municipality was inhabitted by mostly the people of Chhetri caste with total population of 7,658. There were as little as Damai/Dholi caste with population of as little as 13 in total. People of several other castes who live in Surma are Kami, Badi, Damai/Dholi, etc. Only the population of castes with above 1,000 population are illustrated in the table.
Population by Disability
Similarly, there were 41 people who were blind and 31 people were deaf, while 15 people were both blind and deaf. Moreover, 6 persons had reported of having speech problems. Total 1 people had multiple disabilities.
The pie-chart above illustrate the better picture of disabled population along with genderwise ratios.
With respect to wall of the houses, 1,394 houses were mud bonded, 11 houses were cement bonded, 6 houses were wood planks bonded, 0 houses were bamboo bonded and 0 houses had unbaked bricks on their outer walls.Rest of the houses were reported of having other types of outer wall, while some of them reported nothing of having the outer wall bonding.
There were several types of house roofs reported. Total 511 houses were reported of having thatch roofs while 14 houses had galvanized roofs. Similarly, 866 houses had roof of tile, 22 houses had RCC roofs, 0 houses had roof of woods while 0 houses were reported having roof of mud. As per 2011 CBS census, some of the houses had other types of roofs while some didn't report about the roof structure.
With respect to the toilets, 1,187 out of 1,418 houses didn't report of having a private toilet for their households. Nevertheless, 113 houses were reported of having flush toilet while 114 houses reported having ordinary toilets.
With reference to source of fuel, 1,412 households reported their source of fuel as firewood while 2 households had kerosene as their fuel source. The LP gas was used by 0 households as a source of fuel. Moreover, other sources of fuel were cow dung (0), bio-gas (0), fuel electricity (0), etc.
Same as, total 127 households had reported of having electricity as the source of their household's lighting. The households still using kerosene as source of light were 29, while 772 households used solar energy as source of lights. Total 0 households also reported of using bio-gas as a source of light. The ratio of use of electricity as compared to other source of light was 0.09.
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