Wardwise Population and Households
As per 2011 population census, Ilam Municipality had total 48,536 population with 23,461 males and 25,075 females. Out of total wards, ward number 9 had the largest population 5,758, while ward number 2 had least number of population with 5,758.
With respect to number of households, Ilam Municipality had total 11,383 households. The ward number 7 had most households with total 1,435, while ward number 2 had least number of households with total 591 number of households.
As illustrated in the chart, the ratio of male to female population was 0.94, which indicates that Ilam Municipality had 6 percent lower males as compared to the females. Same as, the population to household ratio was 4.26, which means that in average 4.26 family members lived in each household.
As illustrated in the charts, the ratio of absentee population was 15.11, while male to female absentee population ratio was 7.03. Same as, the household ratio of present vs. absent population was 3.67.
Population by Age Group
Gender wise, top 5 most age groups male population were between 10 and 14 (2,901), between 15 and 19 (2,660), between 5 and 9 (2,536), between 20 and 24 (2,081), and below 4 (1,741), with total population of 11,919. In contrast, bottom 5 least age group male population were between 70 and 74 (369), above 75 (437), between 65 and 69 (535),between 60 and 64 (734), and between 55 and 59 (944), with total population of 3,019. With regards to female population, top 5 age groups females were between 15 and 19 (2,862), between 20 and 24 (2,789), between 10 and 14 (2,649), between 5 and 9 (2,439), and between 25 and 29 (2,383), with total population of 13,122. In contrast, bottom 5 least age group male population were between 70 and 74 (297), above 75 (406), between 65 and 69 (485),between 60 and 64 (720), and between 55 and 59 (854), with total population of 2,762.
The population with age-group 70 to 74 had male to female ratio of 1.24, which states that this age group had maximum males as compared to females. Similarly, age-group 25 to 29 had most female population as compared to male population with male to female ratio of 0.72. The age-groups 70 to 74, 55 to 59, 10 to 14, 65 to 69, above 75, below 4, 5 to 9, 50 to 54, 60 to 64 had majority of male population while age-groups 40 to 44, 15 to 19, 35 to 39, 30 to 34, 20 to 24, 25 to 29 had majority of female population as per male-female ratios. Moreover, age-groups 45 to 49 had eqivalent or almost equal numbers of male and female population with male-female ratios of 1.
The population pyramid for Ilam Municipality visually illustrates the male vs. female population based on different age groups. The population data and ratio tables are also available in this link.
There were 66.16 % (32,112 ) of independent population, the working age people between ages of 15 and 64 years. The dependent children, ages below 15 years, were 28.63 % with total number of 13,895. The dependent elderly population, aged 65 and above were 5.21 % with total number of 2,529. As such, total dependent population including children and elderly people were 33.84 with total number of 16,424
There were 14,470 women of child-bearing age-group of 15 to 49 years. Same as, the todlers or children of 4 years or below were 3,370. The ratio of woman of child-bearing age and the number of todlers state that, approximately 233 children were born per 1,000 women. This number is also roughly used as fertility levels when direct measures of births are not available.
Literacy, Education Levels & Schooling
Grade 1-12 Students & Schools
The pie-chart and graphs above further illustrates the students and schools.
Population by Language Spoken
Mostly spoken language in Ilam is Nepali, which is spoken by 27,023 people. The Ilam has people who speak other languages, such as Limbu, Tamang, Rai, Bantawa, Gurung, Newar, Magar, Sunuwar, Mewahang, Yakkha, Sanskrit, Sherpa, Maithili, Khaling, Lapcha, Chamling, Thulung, Kulung, Sampang, Yamphu/Yamphe, Bhojpuri, Hindi, Lingkhim, Rajbanshi, Bahing, Bangla, Sam, Bhujel, Nachhiring, Tharu, Urdu, Wambule, Rajsthani, Hyolmo/Yholmo, Lohorung, etc.
Population by Castes
According to 2011 census conducted by Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Ilam Municipality was inhabitted by mostly the people of Brahmin - Hill caste with total population of 9,580. There were as little as Chamling caste with population of as little as 12 in total. People of several other castes who live in Ilam are Chhetri, Rai, Limbu, Tamang, Newar, Gurung, Kami, Magar, Damai/Dholi, Sunuwar, Sarki, Yakkha, Sherpa, Gharti/Bhujel, Undefined Others, Lepcha, Pattharkatta/Kushwadiya, Sanyasi/Dashnami, Bhote, Terai Others, Muslim, Marwadi, Tharu, Hajam/Thakur, Rajbansi, Haluwai, Thakuri, Lohar, Teli, Yamphu, Hyolmo, Samgpang, Bangali, Yadav, Dalit Others, Thami, Musahar, Dhimal, Chamling, etc. Only the population of castes with above 1,000 population are illustrated in the table.
Population by Disability
Similarly, there were 171 people who were blind and 142 people were deaf, while 24 people were both blind and deaf. Moreover, 123 persons had reported of having speech problems. Total 119 people had multiple disabilities.
The pie-chart above illustrate the better picture of disabled population along with genderwise ratios.
With respect to wall of the houses, 6,805 houses were mud bonded, 2,191 houses were cement bonded, 363 houses were wood planks bonded, 1,603 houses were bamboo bonded and 107 houses had unbaked bricks on their outer walls.Rest of the houses were reported of having other types of outer wall, while some of them reported nothing of having the outer wall bonding.
There were several types of house roofs reported. Total 1,039 houses were reported of having thatch roofs while 8,899 houses had galvanized roofs. Similarly, 59 houses had roof of tile, 1,150 houses had RCC roofs, 17 houses had roof of woods while 0 houses were reported having roof of mud. As per 2011 CBS census, some of the houses had other types of roofs while some didn't report about the roof structure.
With respect to the toilets, 673 out of 11,383 houses didn't report of having a private toilet for their households. Nevertheless, 5,736 houses were reported of having flush toilet while 4,880 houses reported having ordinary toilets.
With reference to source of fuel, 8,726 households reported their source of fuel as firewood while 99 households had kerosene as their fuel source. The LP gas was used by 2,176 households as a source of fuel. Moreover, other sources of fuel were cow dung (10), bio-gas (228), fuel electricity (20), etc.
Same as, total 10,057 households had reported of having electricity as the source of their household's lighting. The households still using kerosene as source of light were 1,042, while 45 households used solar energy as source of lights. Total 0 households also reported of using bio-gas as a source of light. The ratio of use of electricity as compared to other source of light was 0.88.
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